What Treatment Can Be Used For Ovulation Pain?

Ovulation pain is also known as “mittelschmerz” a German word meaning middle pain. This usually occurs about 14 days prior to your next menstrual period. The pain is usually one-sided in the lower stomach and associated with ovulation.

Why do women experience pain during ovulation? 

Ovulation is a process which involves a follicular cyst swelling and then waiting to release the egg after your body’s stream of luteinising hormone (LH). The luteinising hormone produced by both men and women. This hormone affects the sex organs in womens ovaries and in mens testes. Once an egg is released, it moves down into the fallopian tube where the sperm and egg connects and fertilisation takes place. Women may experience irritation during this process because of the blood and other fluid entering the pelvis area from the ruptured follicle. 

The pain may range from a dull ache to sharp sensations that lasts for a few hours or for a period of a few days. Women may also experience spotting or discharge when ovulating. If the pain persists or becomes severe, it would be recommended consulting a doctor.

What causes ovulation pain?

  • Swelling or rupturing of a follicle on the ovary
  • The egg bursting out of the follicle can cause pain and slight bleeding
  • Spasms of the fallopian tubes or uterus when ovulation is about to happen
  • Infection of the fallopian tubes
  • Fibroids and ovarian cysts
  • Some fertility drugs can cause severe pelvic pain

How to treat ovulation pain?

Many women experience ovulation pain differently and for a short period of time, while others may experience longer-lasting discomfort. Here are a few tips to taking care of yourself:

  • Use pain-relieving medication or anti-inflammatories that are prescribed by your doctor
  • Try and relax in bed 
  • Apply warmth to your lower abdomen (warm baths or a hot water bottle)
  • Birth control pills and other forms of hormonal contraceptive can prevent ovulation pain because they stop ovulation
  • Consult your doctor if you experience ovulation pain that lasts longer than three days, or if you  having other symptoms such as heavy bleeding or discharge

Experiencing ovulation pain is normal. The chances of conceiving are high if couples are having sex before, during or after ovulation. Many women rely on ovulation to help them plan their pregnancy. However, if you are trying to avoid conceiving, you must always use other methods of contraception. 

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