Understanding Fibroids: Impact on Fertility and Your Options

Fibroids, medically known as uterine leiomyomas, are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They vary in size, ranging from as small as a seed to as large as a grapefruit. While fibroids are incredibly common, affecting up to 70% of women by the age of 50, their presence can significantly impact fertility and reproductive health.

What are Fibroids?

Fibroids develop from the smooth muscle cells of the uterus. Their exact cause remains unclear, but factors such as hormonal fluctuations, genetics, and ethnicity may play a role in their development. These growths can occur within the uterine wall, protrude into the uterine cavity, or extend outward from the uterus.

How do Fibroids Affect Fertility?

The impact of fibroids on fertility depends on their size, number, and location within the uterus. Smaller fibroids may have minimal effect on fertility, while larger or strategically positioned ones can interfere with conception and pregnancy in several ways:

  1. Distortion of the Uterine Cavity: Fibroids located within the uterine cavity can disrupt the implantation of a fertilized egg or hinder embryo development.
  2. Blockage of Fallopian Tubes: Large fibroids near the fallopian tubes can obstruct their function, impairing the egg’s journey to the uterus for fertilization.
  3. Disruption of Blood Flow: Fibroids may cause changes in blood flow to the uterus, affecting the implantation of the embryo or increasing the risk of miscarriage.
  4. Complications During Pregnancy: Fibroids can lead to complications during pregnancy, such as preterm labor, fetal growth restriction, or the need for cesarean delivery.

Options for Conceiving with Fibroids

If you’re trying to conceive and have been diagnosed with fibroids, it’s essential to explore your options with a healthcare provider specializing in fertility. Depending on the size, location, and symptoms associated with the fibroids, treatment strategies may include:

  1. Watchful Waiting: In cases where fibroids are small and asymptomatic, a “watch and wait” approach may be recommended, especially if conception is not immediately desired.
  2. Medication: Hormonal medications, such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists or oral contraceptives, can help shrink fibroids and alleviate associated symptoms. However, their use for fertility purposes is often limited due to potential side effects and temporary nature of the treatment.
  3. Surgical Interventions: Surgical procedures, such as myomectomy or hysteroscopic resection, can remove fibroids while preserving the uterus. These approaches are often considered for women experiencing significant symptoms or fertility issues related to fibroids.
  4. Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART): In cases where fibroids are impairing fertility and other treatments are ineffective, ART procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) may offer a viable pathway to conception. By bypassing potential obstacles within the reproductive system, IVF can increase the likelihood of successful pregnancy.
  5. Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) or Myolysis: These minimally invasive procedures target fibroids by cutting off their blood supply (UAE) or destroying them using heat or cold (myolysis). While these techniques can be effective in reducing fibroid size and symptoms, their impact on fertility is variable, and further research is needed to assess their long-term outcomes for conception and pregnancy.


Fibroids pose unique challenges for women trying to conceive, but with timely diagnosis and appropriate management, successful outcomes are achievable. By working closely with fertility specialists and exploring tailored treatment options, individuals can navigate their fertility journey with confidence and optimism. If you suspect fibroids may be affecting your ability to conceive, don’t hesitate to seek expert guidance and support to explore the best course of action for your unique needs.

Top Articles

Understanding Signs of Infertility in Women and Available Options

Infertility can be a challenging journey for couples aspiring to conceive. While it’s often viewed as a shared concern, the …

News Article

Understanding Fibroids: Impact on Fertility and Your Options

Fibroids, medically known as uterine leiomyomas, are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They vary in size, ranging from …

News Article

The Key to Conception and the Role of Fallopian Tubes

Ovulation, a marvel of the female reproductive system, plays a pivotal role in conception. It’s a finely orchestrated process, governed …

Family Matters Fertility Centre

Meet Dr Q from Family Matters Fertility Centre

Hey there, have you heard about Family Matters Fertility Centre? Let me tell you, it’s nothing short of amazing! If …

News Article

Exploring Alternatives to IVF for Treating Infertility

Exploring Alternatives to IVF for Treating Infertility Infertility affects millions of individuals and couples worldwide, presenting significant emotional, physical, and …